Transdisciplinary Sectoral Conversations are central for the integration of disciplinary knowledge within the project and connect the research with the empirical realities in the four selected sectors. For each of the sectoral systems, the Conversations are designed to bring together key actors – from different national backgrounds, from public administrations, the private sector, academia and civil society – with capacity to play a role in a specific transformation challenge and/or opportunity. The sectoral approach will allow for linking a diversity of countries and global perspectives to distil international cooperation priorities to materialise the specific transformation under discussion.
WP2 will focus on collective global and long-term perspectives towards achieving the Paris Agreement goals from a top-down perspective. It sets the scene and provides the context for the more detailed sectoral analyses, while taking into account COVID-19 economic, energy, and emission impacts and possible “green” recovery packages. It will define different storylines for global economic, technology, policy and demand development and provide a general overview on key strategies and options leveraging on latest climate science findings. To support the detailed sectoral analyses, sectoral modelling on the level of world regions will inform the development of benchmarks for the EU and other countries considered.
WP3 will include in-depth bottom-up analyses of possible transformation processes for each of the four sectors considering the boundary conditions of individual countries. In this work package, we investigate what successful decarbonisation means at the sector level by identifying viable socio-technical strategies for energy, transport, buildings, and land-use systems transformation. This includes analyses of potentials of and boundary conditions for the implementation of various technological options such as electrification, efficiency improvements, deep building retrofits, the changing role of gas, use of green hydrogen and clean synthetic fuels, deployment of electric cars, carbon capture use and storage, (advanced) biofuels, and integration of renewable energy technologies.
WP4 will elaborate a generally applicable typology and description of transformation opportunities and barriers for the four selected sectors and assess transformation potentials and challenges, based on the findings from WP3 on ambitious socio-technical strategies. The WP will also systematically elaborate policy options and policy packages available to leverage the potentials and overcome the challenges. Second, the WP will assess the development and implementation of NDCs of the selected countries. In focus is the extent to which the NDCs and related policies and measures have effectively addressed the sectoral challenges and opportunities as shaped at the country level.
WP5 will synthesise and integrate the previous WPs and the insights generated under the Sectoral Conversations translating them into normative transformation and emission pathways for the selected sector and country combinations including wider implications for energy, land-use and socio-economic systems as well as SDG co-benefits and potential trade-offs. The quantitative results will allow comparing current pathways with alternative pathways that are needed and feasible to achieve the NDCs and the long-term low GHG emission strategies in line with the Paris Agreement. Qualitatively, the pathways will demonstrate what policies and technologies are needed in each sector, which other priorities may exist regarding economic and sustainable development and how climate policies would interact with them.
WP6 will assess the performance of global environmental governance in addressing the sectoral transformation potentials and challenges identified in WP1 to WP5. It will specifically reflect on SDGs and New Urban Agenda implications and take into account the geopolitical consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and the ensuing global economic crisis. The objective is to identify governance gaps and means to improve global governance to enhance the implementation of NDCs and enable the realisation of transformational pathways in the selected sectors.
WP7 will disseminate and communicate the knowledge previously generated in the other work packages as well as the policy recommendations that apply this knowledge to specific political context. Towards this objective, this work package will organise a constant dialogue between the project team and the project’s target groups. The work package works in close co-ordination with WP1, which will strongly contribute towards the reception and uptake by policymakers, experts and other stakeholders.
WP8 will ensure that the project is managed professionally and transparently, allowing for effective communication and cooperation between consortium partners.
WP9 sets out the ethics requirements that the project must comply with.